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제7권 2호 (2006년)
작성자 관리자 등록일 2013-08-22 21:23:05 조회수 4,094
A Survey of Blended Learning Trends in Corporate Training Settings in Korea

Su Jin SON (University of Illinois)
Eun Jung OH (University of Georgia)
Kyong-Jee KIM (Portland State University)
Curtis J. BONK (Indiana University)

Blended learning has become one of the major trends in Korean corporate training. However, there has been scant research on blended learning in corporate trainings settings in Korea. The purpose of the present study was to explore current and future trends of blended learning in corporate and other training settings in Korea. 136 people from training related fields such as human resource development (HRD), training, and e-learning participated in this research. The findings revealed many interesting current trends and future expectations related to blended learning in training settings. In regards to the overall status of blended learning in Korean corporations, participants displayed strong interest in blended learning and were expecting that the importance of blended learning would grow in their organizations either modestly or significantly during the next few years. In addition, the perceptions of the respondents regarding the benefits of blended learning and the barriers to implementation in their respective organizations were analyzed.

A Study on the Development of Learning Model for Improving Collaborative Creativity Based on CPS

Eunsook PARK (Kosin University)

As the educational paradigm has shifted from the traditional knowledge oriented instruction learning to the knowledge product oriented instructional learning, the development of student’s creativity becomes one of the most important educational goals, because the ability that can produce the knowledge creatively is required in the digital information knowledge based society. The purpose of this study is to make a basic direction and strategy for the instructional design to develop an on and off line blended instructional design which will help a learning community to be a more collaborative and creative learning community. This research has investigated the concept and the characteristics of collaborative creativity and creative problem solving as the theoretical basis of the design. After that, on the basis of the theories connected with the collaborative creativity theory, the direction and the strategies for the development of collaborative creativity was designed. The design was applied into the real learning community and finally proved the effectiveness of the learning model for the development of the collaborative creativity by the quantitative evaluation.

The Effects of Utilizing a Videoconferencing System for International Discussions on Global Issues at a Japanese High School

Shigefumi NAGATA (Mie University)
Yukiko HIRAKAWA (Hiroshima University)
Mitsuhiko IWAMOTO (Akifuchu High School, Hiroshima)
Hajime MORI, Masahiro KOUHATA (Akifuchu High School, Hiroshima)

Living in the Information Age, schools and teachers are expected to utilize new information technology in education to make teaching more effective. In Japan, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) has been strongly implementing policies to promote information education (IE) in schools since 1988. According to a survey in 2005 (Japan MEXT, 2005), 100% of high schools in Japan at present have computers and the Internet connections. However, videoconferencing systems have only been introduced only in a small number of schools. This paper is the result of a pilot research to see the effects of using a videoconferencing system in a Japanese high school. The purpose of the research was to clarify the effects of introducing videoconferencing system in a Japanese high school and of utilizing it for conferences with other schools abroad on the studies of global issues. The target students were in the 12th Grade in the year 2006. The counterpart school was an Australian high school in Sydney and the conferences were held in English. International discussions on global warming were conducted between the Japanese and Australian students. Affective competence and cognitive competence were measured using questionnaires and worksheets given to students both before and after the videoconferences. The results showed that both cognitive and affective competences rose after each videoconference. Not only the students who actively participated in the conference but also those who were in the audience showed positive effects. In the field of international cooperation on global issues, especially, the effects were large. These results suggest that in order to teach global issues in which international effort and cooperation are needed, direct contacts with foreign students are effective in increasing student cognitive and affective competences. On the other hand, as English was the main communication tool in the conferences, Japanese students faced a certain difficulty in communication. Also, teachers, especially English teachers, were required to make great efforts to assist students in preparing for the conferences. The effectiveness of an international videoconference depends largely on students’ English skills and teachers’ efforts.

HR Practices of IT-Based Companies in Korea

Yonjoo CHO (KAIST Graduate School of Management)

The research question in this study was to see whether there were similarities and differences in HR practices of IT-based companies in Korea. Interviews with 12 HR executives and a survey of 51 IT-based companies showed that there were IT industry-specific HR practices, but no group differences except one. The only one difference between two groups (small- and medium-sized firms versus multinational corporations) indicated that the latter was better positioned in various HR practices. Four HR themes emerged from analyses of interviews and a survey data: business environment, workforce management, HR practices, and HR for competitive advantage. The fact that none from large companies was found to have female HR executive calls for an in-depth study of what is occurring and what could be done to better the workplace in terms of diversity. A large-scale study using diverse methods in the future will produce more meaningful findings on HR practices in IT-based firms in Korea.

Toward the Successful Implementation of Problem-Based Learning at the University Level

Kyungwon CHANG (Kyunghee University)

The knowledge-based society increasingly demands professionals possessing essential knowledge, and the ability to use this knowledge effectively in their work settings. In response to the requirement for these professionals, PBL is a promising educational method. This paper suggests an educational development program for faculty to implement problem-based learning(PBL). To implement PBL at the higher educational level, there is a need for a systemic approach. First, a well-designed educational plan for PBL is necessary. Before implementing PBL, both the instructor and the students should be prepared. Faculty members should be well informed on the characteristics of PBL, effective tutoring or facilitation skills, and how to design problems reflecting features of their own academic subject areas. Students also have to know the characteristics of PBL. Both of these groups need to be trained through workshops rather than through lectures. Second, a phase of design and implementation of PBL is necessary. PBL methods may seem to be intuitive and even unstructured because a problem is, in nature, unstructured and authentic. However, a closer look at PBL reveals that it is complex, carefully designed, and highly structured activity. Therefore, if it is poorly and incompletely designed, PBL can be a frustrating and exhausting experience for students and faculty members. Well-designed PBL can be an exhilarating and rewarding experience for both of them. Third, a phase of sharing PBL experiences is important: faculty members who have implemented PBL are required to share their experiences to help others enhance tutoring skills, and acquire practical information of students, contents, and what happened during PBL, and to develop PBL model in a specific domain. Based on the developed PBL model in a specific domain, PBL can be expanded and stabilized at the university level.

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