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제6권 1호 (2005년)
작성자 관리자 등록일 2013-08-22 21:21:06 조회수 4,047
A Comparative Study on ICT Policy in Education in Korea and Japan

Ilju RHA (Seoul National University)
Aya YOSHIDA (National Institute of Multimedia Education)

Korea and Japan have been making a continuous effort to build information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure in schools, and integrate ICT into curriculum by training teachers based on own ICT policies in education. ICT policy in education isparticularly diverse and challenging, in part because the rapid development of ICT continues to create new possibilities for use and demands the transformation of the ways we teach and learn. The present study is to analyze ICT policies of Korea and Japan, between 1980's and the present period, in a larger educational and historical context. The study reviews chronological changes in major streamlines of ICT policies of both countries, and discusses in detail changes in two aspects of ICT policies in education, that is, ICT infrastructure and teacher training. The paper points out convergence and diversity of ICT policies in two countries and concludes with a set of guidelines for ICT policy makers.

Suggestions for E-Learning Based on Four Years of Cyber University Experience

Okhwa LEE (Chungbuk National University)

E-Learning is widely introduced with cyber universities in Korea from 2001 whencyber universities were first authorized by the Ministry of Education and Human Resource Development. E-learning amplified by cyber university gave a big impact in the campus based university which became the cause for the educational paradigm shift. The changes of status of cyber university shows important trend in college education which was analyzed by enrollment rate, types of cyber university, demography, and study areas. The enrollment rate of cyber universities is ever since 2001 and variety of study areas gives popularity to students. The demography of students is as expected older than traditional students. Female students at the cyber university outnumbered that at campus based university in Korea. For analyzing the trend of e-learning in Korea, there were studies twice in 2001 May-June from 213 faculty members and staff, 630 students and in 2004 May-June with 401 students. Most of e-learning students tent to spend less time yet, students feel more burden with e-learning. Professors tend to load more materials for the e-learning in 2001but in 2004 study, the difference no longer exists. Professors and students feel the academic achievement through e-learning is not as good as from the traditional classes. Difficulties for e-learning in 2001 were the lack of administrative information but in 2004, boring contents and lack of instructional strategies for e-learning. Technical problems still do exist but less serious. Suggestions for e-learning are blended learning, online students prefer video streaming with their own lecturer, new definition of instructor is needed, professional development for content development and online instruction is needed, success story of online learning should be encouraged, guidance for online students needed. The cyber university experiencegave a positive impact on the traditional universities such as rethinking the roles of universities, the quality control of classes, professional development, student oriented educational service of e-learning pedagogy.

An Information Filtering Agent in a Flexible Message System

Youngcook JUN (Sunchon National University)
Norio SHIRATORI (Tohoku University)

In a widely distributed environment, many occasions arise when people need to filter informationwith email clients. The existing information agents such as Maxims and Message Assistant have capabilities of filtering email messages either by an autonomous agent or by user-defined rules. FlexMA, a variation of FAMES (Flexible Asynchronous Messaging System) is proposed as an information filtering agent. Agents in our system can be scaled up to adapt user's various demands by controlling messages delivered among heterogeneous email clients. Several functionalities are split into each agent in terms of component configuration with the addition of multiple agents'cooperation and negotiation. User-defined rules are collected and executed by these agents in a semi-autonomous manner. This paper demonstrates how this design is feasible in a flexible message system.

Quality Indicators of ICT-Related Support for Blended-Learning in Traditional Universities

Kyoung Ae CHOI (Joongbu University)
Dongil KIM (Seoul National University)
Chunsung PARK (Seoul National University)

Campus-based universities have provided face-to-face instruction traditionally. But recently, it is becoming a trend that they provide blended learning which combines e-learning and f2f instruction. Therefore, traditional university has been installing the ICT related convenience for the faculty and students to use easily to their classes. The purpose of this study is to develop quality indicators of ICT-related support for proper blended learning in traditional campus-based universities. This indicators are used for measuring the quality of ICT-related services at university level for quality education. To this end, first, we reviewed literature about quality indicators of university evaluation and e-learning. Second,we did case study. We selected and analyzed one university for a case, And we identified what elements are perceived important to faculty for more efficient use of technology to their class. Third, we summarized all this data and established the quality indicators framework of ICT-related components for blended learning in campus-based universities. Then, these indicators were revised after the expert evaluation. And then 10 experts and practitioners scored importance rating. Finally, we sum them up to 17 indicators and 48 sub-indicators in three phases (input, process, output). Among them, e-learning related organization or body, usability of Learning Management System, and quality assessment system got the highest scores. These indicators are supposed to contribute to measure the quality of ICT-related environment for blended learning and to provide informations about what is required for efficient blended learning in the campus-based universities.

Design and Implementation of Web-Based Cooperative Learning System Co-Net

Kyungsu WANG (Chonbuk National University)

This study investigated to designand implement web-based collaborative learning system Co-Net and map out students' learning procedure using the system, based upon Student Team Achievement Division (STAD Slavin, 1990, 1996). There are technical process and instructional considerations to be made during the design process. The former are those that concern equipment requirements and specifications and include Ease of Use, Speed of Access, and Flexibility. On the other hand, instructional considerationsare concerned with the delivery and access of instructional materials and their outcomes on learners. They are cooperative interactions within groups and group heterogeneity, learner control, group incentives, individual accountability, equal opportunity for earning high scores and contributing to group effort, task specialization, and competition among groups. A web site for a virtual learning environment designed and built by the authors and known as Co-Net is then explained along with the whole process learners inside the environment. The main page of Co-Net consists of 15 menus to implement cooperative learning process. The cooperative learning activities using 15 menus are composed of six phases (1) preparation of the new knowledge (2) presentation of the new knowledge (3) knowledge assimilation and application (4) team and individual evaluation (5) team and individual recognition Throughout the five phases, the appropriate use of cooperative learning techniques has been shown to have both academic and social benefits to learners.

Designing a Platform of Online Inquiry-Based Learning for Information Literacy

Sung-ho KWON (Hanyang University)
Sook-young RYU (Hanyang University)

In today's information-rich society, the need for information literacy has urgency. Three tasks of information processing are filtering, meaning-matching, meaning- construction that could be strengthened through inquiry-based learning. The cycles of reflection and practice develop the habit of mind, or conscious information processing that allow the learners to acquire higher level of information literacy. An on-line inquiry-based learning environment designed for information literacy may help learners to perform their lifelong learning better with the ability to appreciate, locate, evaluate, and use information effectively.

Creating a Networked Community for the Training of Teachers: A Case of Public Presentation Caravan in Japan

Takashi NAGAO (Osaka Shin-Ai College)
Takashi ICHIKAWA (Osaka Shin-Ai College)
Naoyuki KOBAYASHI (Sikyo Gakuen Jr & Sr high school)
Mutsuo ISHIBE (Osaka Shin-Ai High School)

There were misgivings that the teachers in charge might not have enough understanding of the true purpose of teaching “Information”. To learn about the general attitude of those teachers, the research group of private schools in Osaka began a project, ‘The Public Presentation Caravan’, in which teachers who had already started using information tools opened their class to teachers from other schools and exchanged ideas. It may be deduced that the combination of the two forums for exchanging opinions, one is held on the internet and the other face to face, is important. Teachers' community exists on the point where these two environments meet. Through this project, we might suggest creating a new mode of teachers' community using a network will be indispensable for the new teachers training.

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