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제16호 2권 (2015년)
작성자 관리자 등록일 2016-10-05 09:57:18 조회수 3,914
 Prediction Research on Cyber Learners’ Course Satisfaction and Learning Persistence
 
 

Young Ju JOO (Ewha Womans University)
Sunyoung JOUNG (Kookmin University)
Hae Jin KIM(Sejong University)

This study investigated whether college students’' self-efficacy, learning strategy utilization, academic burnout, and school support predict course satisfaction and learning persistence. To this end, self-efficacy, learning strategy utilization, academic burnout, and school support were used as prediction variables; and course satisfaction and learning persistence, as criterion variables. The subjects were 178 students who registered for online and mobile “"Culture and Art History”" courses at K online university. They participated in an online survey. Multiple regression analysis revealed that self-efficacy and learning strategy utilization positively predicted course satisfaction and learning persistence, academic burnout negatively predicted them, and school support predicted neither. Accordingly, we suggest that raising self-efficacy and learning strategy utilization, and reducing academic burnout in the learning environment will improve the course satisfaction and learning persistence of online learners.

Keywords : Self-efficacy, Learning strategy utilization, Academic burnout, School support, Course satisfaction, Learning persistence


 
Exploring the Relationships between Adolescents’ Perceived Achievement Goals, ICT Use in Education, Academic Achievement, and Attitudes toward Learning
 
 

Chang Woo NAM (Dong-A University )
Hun JEON (Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation)

Perceived control and use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has long been known as important aspects of students’ achievement. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between adolescents’ perceived achievement goals, their Individual ICT use, ICT use for government-sponsored educational programs on television or the Internet, academic achievement and the attitude toward learning. Most previous research has employed cross-sectional data analysis using relatively small samples. For this purpose, this study used the datasets of the Seoul Education Longitudinal Study (SELS 2011) from Seoul Educational Research & Information Institute. We analyzed structural equation modeling (SEM) a nationally represented sample (4,346 eighth-grade students). The results of this study showed that students’ perceived achievement goals had a positive relationship with their individual ICT use, and their use of ICT programs for government-sponsored educational programs on television or the Internet. Also, students’ individual ICT use had a positive relationship with their achievement, but ICT use for government-sponsored educational programs on television or the Internet did not have a significant relationship with their achievement. That is, students’ individual ICT use mediated the relationship between their perceived goals and academic achievement. In addition, results indicated that students’ individual ICT use and ICT use for government-sponsored educational programs on television or the Internet had a positive relationship with their attitude toward learning. That is, both students’ individual ICT use and ICT use for government-sponsored educational programs on television or the Internet mediated the relationship between their perceived goals and their attitude toward learning.

Keywords : ICT use in education, Perceived achievement goals, Achievement, Attitude toward learning


 
The Effects of Visual Stimulation and Body Gesture on Language Learning Achievement and Course Interest
 
 

Dongyeon CHOI (Dankook University)

Minjeong KIM (Dankook University)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using visual stimulation and gesture, namely embodied language learning, on learning achievement and learner’ course interest in the EFL classroom. To investigate the effectiveness of the proposed purpose, thirty two third-grade elementary school students participated and were assigned into four English learning class conditions (i.e., using animated graphic and gestures condition, using only animated graphic condition, using still pictures and gesture condition, and control condition). The research questions for this study are addressed below: (1) What differences are there in post and delayed learning achievement between imitating gesture group and non-imitating one and between animated graphic group and still picture one? (2) What differences are there in course interest between imitating gesture group and non-imitating one and between animated graphic group and still picture one? The Embodiment-based English learning system for this study was designed by using Microsoft’ Kinect sensing devices. The results of this study revealed that students of imitating gesture group memorized and retained better words and sentence structure than those of the other groups. As for learner’ course interest measurement, imitating gesture group showed a highly positive response to attention, relevance, and satisfaction for curriculum and using animated graphic influenced satisfaction as well. This finding can be attributed to the embodied cognition, which proposes that the body and the mind are inseparable in the constitution of cognition and thus students using visual simulation and imitating related gesture regard the embodied language learning approach more satisfactory and acceptable than the conventional ones.

Keywords : Embodied cognition, Technology-enhanced English learning, Body gesture


 
Effects of Learner-created Digital Storytelling on Academic Achievement, Creativity, and Flow in Higher Education
 
 

Insu KIM (Korea National Sport University)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using learner-created DST to communicate academic information on the creativity and flow of university students. The sample consisted of 100 undergraduate students who were assigned to either the DST group or the expository instruction group. The DST group created digital stories, and the expository group were taught using an expository instructional method. An achievement test, the Creativity Personality Scale (CPS), and the Flow State Scale (FSS) were used to collect data. The results showed that the achievement scores of the DST group were higher than those of the expository group, and the scores on the patience sub-factor of the CPS of the DST group significantly differed from those of the expository instruction group. Finally, the scores on the seven sub-factors of the FSS of the DST group differed significantly from those of the expository instruction group. The findings of this study suggest that the DST can be applied as teaching and learning method in a university class.

Keywords : Digital storytelling, Higher education


 
The Effect of the Types of Learning Material and Epistemological Beliefs in an Ill-structured Problem Solving
 
 

Suna OH (Gwangju University)

Yeonsoon KIM (Chunnam Techno University)

Sungkwan KANG (Gwangju University)

This study investigated the effect of learning achievements and cognitive load according to different types of presenting learning materials and epistemological beliefs (EB). Learning achievements in this study were composed by retention and transfer of ill-structured problem. A total of 80 college students participated in the study. Prior to the learning, students were guided to fill out a questionnaire regarding epistemological beliefs and a prior knowledge test. The students of each group studied with a different type of reading material: full text (FT), full text including key questions (KeyFT) and full text including a concept map (CmFT). After a session of study was finished, they were asked to complete the posttest: retention and transfer. The results showed that there was a significant difference in transfer achievements. CmFT outperformed higher scores than the other types. There was no significant difference in retention among the groups. It is strongly believed that the types of presenting learning materials may have affected the understanding of ill-structured problem solving skills. Students with sophisticated EB showed higher achievements on retention and transfer than naïve-EB and mixed-EB. Even though the data showed decrease of the cognitive load on the type of materials and EB, there were no significant differences on the cognitive load. We should consider a positive effect of types of presenting learning materials and EB enhancing capabilities of solving illstructured problems in real life.

Keywords : Learning material types, Epistemological beliefs, Retention, Transfer, Ill-structured problem


 
 
Cultural Sensitivity and Design Implications of MOOCs from Korean Learners’ Perspectives: Case Studies on edX and Coursera
 
 

Mi Lee AHN (Hanyang University)

Hwan Sun YOON (Hanyang University)

Hyun Jin CHA (Soonchunhyang University)

Culture is a crucial concept that forms the thinking and behaviors of a group of people, and it influences interactions in learning. Thus, it is also essential to consider cultural sensitivity in online learning technologies and instructional design as education is a set of learning actions based on values and perceptions. MOOCs, the latest online learning platform, are global online learning platforms that provide global learners with free and various learning resources including courses from different world-class institutions. Despite globalization having brought learners closer to sharing similar learning resources, the actual experiences with the resource are expected to vary according to cultures, mainly because learning behavior is a set of outcomes based on cultural differences. Taking this into consideration, this study aims to examine MOOCs from a cultural perspective in order to facilitate global learners, especially Korean learners, to utilize MOOCs with user-friendly services and contents. To achieve this objective, the study first identified and developed an evaluation criteria to examine the cultural sensitivity of MOOCs and conducted case studies on courses from major MOOC providers including edX and Coursera. From the findings, design recommendations of contents and courses on MOOCs were suggested to provide Korean learners with optimal learning experiences.

Keywords : Culture, Cultural Dimensions of Learning Framework (CDLF), MOOCs, Online learning
 
 
The Factor Analysis of Information and Communication Technology Literacy for Primary School Students in South Korea
 
 

Eunmo SUNG (National Youth Policy Institute)

Sung-Hee JIN (Inha University)

The purpose of this study was to identify the factors of ICT literacy in the primary school students in South Korea and to examine the gender and city size difference on the factor of ICT literacy. To accomplish this goal, we have analyzed the data of Korea Youth Competency Measurement and International Comparative Study I: ICCS 2016 which is nationally collected from the primary school students, currently on the 5 ~ 6th grades in South Korea. 1,188 samples were used in the study excluding missing samples. The participants were 584 5th grad and 604 6th grad students, 620 males (52.2%) and 568 females (47.8%). The mean age was 13.49 years (SD=.52). The result of the study reveals the four factors of ICT literacy through cross-validating exploratory factor analysis and confirmative factor analysis; pleasure of using ICT, perceived usefulness of using ICT, learning ability with using ICT, and operating ability of ICT. This study found that the leaner differ in gender on learning ability with using ICT and pleasure of using ICT. The female students were significantly larger than male students on learning ability with using ICT. However, the male students were significantly larger than male students on pleasure of using ICT. This study found that the leaner differ in city size on the factors of ICT literacy excluding pleasure of using ICT. The students living in the big size city were significantly larger than the students living in the middle and small. That is, over all, female students were more learning with ICT, male students were more interesting about ICT, and the students living in the big size city were more ICT use for learning. Based on the results, some strategies were suggested on the proper use of the factors of ICT in education.

Keywords : ICT literacy, Pleasure of using ICT, Perceived usefulness of using ICT, Learning ability with using ICT, Operating ability of ICT
 
 
Designing a Project-based Service-Learning Course for Pre-dental Education: A Theoretical Exploration
 
 

Jihyun LEE (Seoul National University)

This study is a theoretical exploration of project-based service-learning and its application in designing pre-dental curricula. As a response to the limitation of community service courses, service-learning has been implemented as pedagogy in higher education practices. Service-learning connects service and learning by engaging students in activities that address community needs with intentionally designed learning opportunities while adding value to and transforming both service and learning. Project-based service-learning is an extended and more active version of service-learning. Whereas service activities are arranged by instructors in the original service-learning, project-based service-learning provides students with opportunities for exploring problems and root causes on site and then devising and implementing solutions of their own using their talents and creativity. This study proposes a theoretical approach to project-based service-learning and suggests six design components, namely, related curriculum, reflection, reciprocity, service and community engagement, evaluation and recognition, and creative problem solving. Based on the components, 20 design strategies are formulated. The exploration is aimed to provide design guides for professionals attempting to implement project-based service-learning in higher education.

Keywords : Project-based service-learning, Service-learning, Community service, Pre-dental education, Dentistry education, Design components, Design strategies
 
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