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제8권 2호 (2007년)
작성자 관리자 등록일 2013-08-22 21:24:39 조회수 4,682
 What We Need for Effective Learning in Ubiquitous Environments: Lessons from Korean Cases

Sungho KWON (Hanyang University)
Jeunghee SEO (Korea Education & Research Information Service)
Kyunghee KANG (Hanyang University)
Sunhee BHANG (Hanyang University)

This study is to analyze the implications of effective learning in a ubiquitous environment. Research proceeded according to the multiple case study analysis method. This paper is one result of the Korean case study to examine the effectiveness of and satisfaction with u-learning. We will introduce necessary conditions for effective learning in a ubiquitous environment. Each condition was elicited through the case study, and the analyzing framework was classified into hardware related to infra structure; software such as learning contents, teaching-learning activity and support, and class management; human-ware related to learner and teacher; system-ware as an education system, and administrative supporting.

Web-Based Learning as a Social Process: A Critical Examination of the Research

SeungYeon HAN (Hanyang Cyber University)
Janette R. HILL (University of Georgia)

Research related to Web-based learning (WBL) has grown exponentially in the last decade. Scholars have explored a variety of areas related to WBL, including techniques, strategies and best practices. One area of particular interest to scholars is the potential of WBL to support and facilitative collaborative learning. Despite the continued exploration, there continues to be a concern related to the theoretical foundations of WBL. The purpose of this article is to explore how different theories may be used to guide research and inform practice in online collaborative learning. We integrate the major points drawn from current research and theory from a variety of perspectives so as to gain a better understanding of how learning is enabled by asynchronous modes of online collaborative learning. We then use this understanding to identify opportunities and challenges for theory development and research in WBL.

Comparing Learning Outcome of e-Learning with Face-to-Face Lecture of a Food Processing Technology Course in Korean Agricultural High School

Sung Youl PARK (Konkuk University)
Hyeon-ah LEE (Konkuk University)

This study identified the effectiveness of e-learning by comparing learning outcome in conventional face-to-face lecture with the selected e-learning methods. Two e-learning contents (animation based and video based) were developed based on the rapid prototyping model and loaded onto the learning management system (LMS), which is http:// Fifty-four Korean agricultural high school students were randomly assigned into three groups (face-to-face lecture, animation based e-learning, and video based e-learning group). The students of the e-learning group logged on the LMS in school computer lab and completed each e-learning. All students were required to take a pretest and posttest before and after learning under the direction of the subject teacher. A one-way analysis of covariance was administered to verify whether there was any difference between face-to-face lecture and e-learning in terms of students' learning outcomes after controlling the covariate variable, pretest score. According to the results, no differences between animation based and video based e-learning as well as between face-to?face learning and e-learning were identified. Findings suggest that the use of well designed e-learning could be worthy even in agricultural education, which stresses hands-on experience and lab activities if e-learning was used appropriately in combination with conventional learning. Further research is also suggested, focusing on a preference of e-learning content type and its relationship with learning outcome.

Identifying Tools for Systemic Teaching Analysis in Higher Education

Hyelan ROH (Seowon University)
Mina CHOI (Cheongju University)
Youn-Kyung SEO (Seoul Women's University)

The purpose of this study is to explore tools for systemic and integrated teaching analysis in recognition of problems derived from the existing teaching analysis which have been held fragmentarily and temporarily. In order to do so, a teaching analysis tools is identified by examining the current services of video-taping and analysis, which are the most representative teaching analysis methods among the Centers for Teaching and Learning (CTLs) in Korea, and by redefining teaching analysis through literature review. A teaching analysis is to be done to challenge teachers to change and grow by providing a motive to reflect on the act of teaching and carry out improvements, and it has to be held covering the general act of teaching and examined through diverse methods in systemic and multidimensional perspectives over a full period of teaching. In this study, an act of teaching is examined in four areas: planning, teaching skill, evaluation and reflection, and teaching analysis frameworks according to an act of teaching are suggested by periods of before, during, and after a term. Teaching analysis methods are also suggested by the frameworks.

Content-Based EFL Instruction Using Scaffolding and Computer-Mediated Communication as an Alternative for a Korean Middle School

Warren E. CHUNG (Columbia University)

This case study explored the potential for implementing content-based English as a Foreign Language (EFL) instruction in a Korean middle school facilitated by computer-mediated communication (CMC). The instructor scaffolded the student participant's language learning online, helping her to produce English output on her own. While experimental social studies lessons on the topic of stereotyping were taught, data were collected on the student's online exchanges with her counterpart in Iran about their respective cultures. Findings show that the student from Korea was able to better understand her own culture as a result of the online experience. This interaction and the in-class lessons have demonstrated that content-based EFL instruction is a viable alternative to the school's existing curriculum.

Reflection and Future Directions: ISD from the Perspective of Intercultural Communication

So-Young SON (Hanyang University)
Jae-Hoon HAN (McGill University)
Young-Mahn YOU (Hanyang University)

This study purports to contribute in deepening our understanding of ISD (instructional systems design/development) from Edward Hall's concept of intercultural communication. Renowned anthropologist Edward Hall introduced three concepts of cultural differences: time, space, and context. This paper explores how theses cultural dimensions ? time, space and context - are reflected in ISD and compares the cultural differences between the east and the west that emerge in the process of applying ISD.

Issues Concerning Student Teachers' Perception of ICT Education

Mi-Lee AHN (Hanyang University)

The purpose of this paper is to describe about the issues concerning student teachers' perceptions of ICT use and obstacles they experience during the teaching. Student teacher experience conflicts with ICT in particular, and lack of confidence in using ICT. Furthermore, pre-service teachers experience various conflicts while teaching during student teaching. Main conflicts student teachers experience are reported that their lack of confidence in using ICT, especially in front of the student body during the class, and firm belief on ICT and its effects. Student teachers lack systematic training during their professional development. As a conclusion, the teacher training programs need to have systematic approach in their curriculum to assist pre-service teachers to use ICT before their student teaching to give them first hand experience in classrooms.
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