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제13호 2권 (2012년)
작성자 관리자 등록일 2014-04-29 16:44:42 조회수 5,774
 Linking The Impact of Students' Technology Knowledge on Academic Self-efficacy

Seongyoun HONG(Ajou University)

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships among the factors that affect technology knowledge, learning strategies with technology, and academic self-efficacy of college students. Technology and its utilizing ability is a critical competency for the learners to acquire to live in the Digital Era of 21st century. However, little is known about how the competency involving technology affects academic self-efficacy. To address the aim of the study, a survey was conducted with 39 questions including technology knowledge, learning strategies with technology, and academic self-efficacy targeting 137 students in A university. The result of the structural equation modeling shows that the technology knowledge of college students indirectly influences the academic self-efficacy. The learning strategies with technology are mediating variable linking technology knowledge with academic self-efficacy. Technology knowledge explains 71% of variance in learning strategies with technology. Therefore, college students need to keep up with knowledge of technology and improve learning strategies with technology to activate academic self-efficacy.

Keywords : Technology knowledge, Academic self-efficacy, Learning strategies, Structural equation modeling

The Net Generation Debate: Unpacking Individual Perceptions and Lived Experiences toward Technology Use in Education

Hyungshin CHOI(Chuncheon Nat’l Univ)
Hyo-Jeong SO(Nanyang Technological Univ)

This study aims to examine individual perceptions and lived experiences of the Net generation of student teachers and the previous generation of teachers about their technology use in education. The participants of this study include 106 pre-service teachers and 50 in-service teachers from one teacher education university in Korea. Employing a mixed methodology, we first empirically examined the participants’ perceptions toward multiple variables related to technology use in education, namely (a) past ICT experiences in schools, (b) personal computer use, (c) constructivist belief, (d) computer efficacy, (e) attitude toward computer in education, and (f) prospective computer use. In addition, we conducted face-to-face interviews with selected participants for the in-depth investigation of their lived experiences about technology use, beliefs, and attitude. Results indicate that there are significant differences between in-service and pre-service teachers in their prior experiences with technology in schools. However, the pre-service and in-service teachers did not differ significantly in their beliefs, attitude and other technology-related variables, which may indicate the danger of generational determinism in the Net Generation debate. The analysis of interview narratives revealed two major themes about the interplay of one’s agency and structural changes in the participants’ lived experiences with technology use in education: (a) transition from negative past experiences to opportunities for positive computer use, and (b) attitudes formation and change through apprenticeship experiences and structural influences. In conclusion, this study suggests that the Net Generation debate should move beyond dichotomous or techno-centric thinking. There is a critical need to pay more attention to develop deeper understandings of the fundamental diversity existing within the generation itself. Implications for teacher education are also discussed.

Keywords : Net generation, Digital natives, Constructivist beliefs, Educational use of computers, Attitude, Intention, Teachers

The Impact of Visualization Tendency in Phases of Problem-solving

Eunmo SUNG(National Youth Policy Institute)

Kyungsun PARK(Dankook University)

Problem-solving ability is one of the most important learning outcomes for students to compete and accomplish in a knowledge-based society. It has been empirically proven that visualization plays a central role in problem-solving. The best performing problem-solver might have a strong visualization tendency. However, there is little research as to what factors of visualization tendency primarily related to problem-solving ability according to phases of problem-solving. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between visualization tendency and problem-solving ability, to determine which factors of visualization tendency influence problem solving ability in each phase of problem-solving, and to examine different problem-solving ability from the perspective of the levels of visualization tendency. This study has found out that visualization tendency has a significant correlation with problem-solving ability. Especially, Generative Visualization and Spatial–Motor Visualization as sub-visualization tendency were more strongly related to each phase of problem-solving. It indicates that visualization tendency to generate and operate mental processing can be considered a major cognitive skill to improve problem-solving ability. Furthermore, students who have high visualization tendency also have significantly higher problem-solving ability than students with low visualization tendency. It shows that the levels of visualization tendency can predict variables related to students’ problemsolving ability..1

Keywords : Visualization tendency, Internal cognitive processing, Internal representation, Problem-solving

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