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제11권 1호 (2010년)
작성자 관리자 등록일 2013-08-22 21:28:17 조회수 6,465
Analysis of Differences in Teachers' Perception on Educational Attributes and Effects of IPTV

Junghoon LEEM (University of Incheon)
Seri KIM (Kyung Hee University)
Seungyeon HAN (Hanyang Cyber University)
Eunmo SUNG (Seoul National University)

The purpose of this study was to identify differences in teachers perception on educational attributes and effectiveness of IPTV according to demographic factors. To investigate possibility of educational application, the participants of the study were teachers selected from IPTV initiative schools in elementary and middle levels nationwide. 55 teachers participated from 22 IPTV model schools nationwide, which were 9 elementary schools, 6 middle schools, 7 high schools. As results of research, there were some significant foundings. In terms of the perception on educational attributes of IPTV, there are explicit perceptional difference between “capital area teachers” and “the other regional teachers”. However, there were no significant difference according to school level. Perception of male teachers were more positive than those of female teachers. Also, there were no significant
difference according to teaching experience. On the other hand, in terms of the perception on educational effects of IPTV, we could conclude that teachers from metropolitan cities have more negative perception on IPTV than teachers from other kinds of cities have. Regardless of school levels, teachers showed merely fair perception on effectiveness of IPTV. There was significant difference between male teachers and female teachers in perception on educational effectiveness. Also,
Results showed no significant differences according to teaching experiences. Future tasks for the development of IPTV strategies require specific need analysis of teachers and collaborative works of policy makers, teachers, researchers, and IPTV service providers.

A Case Study on the Implement of Teaching and Learning Models aiming at Training Creative Engineers: focused on the SICAT

Sungho KWON (Hanyang University)
Hyunsook OH (Hanyang University)
Sungmi KIM (Hanyang University)

The purpose of this paper is to apply the newly developed SICAT teaching and learning model to the actual scene of teaching and learning and draw a point of discussion for utilizing teaching and learning model, by uncovering the satisfaction of students and the inhibiting/facilitating elements when using the model. SICAT(Scientific Inquiry and Creative Activity with Technology; from here on SICAT), a teaching and learning model custom-built for engineering education, was developed, as more and more people paid attention to the demand for creative engineers. It was developed from the basis of PBL(Problem Based Learning), includes three sub-types which can be applied to the actual theory, design, and experimentation fields within engineering education. The three sub-types, which are ARDA(Analysis-Reasoning Activity & Discussion-Argumentation Activity), CoCD (Collaboration Activity & Capstone Design Activity), and ReSh(Reflection Activity & Sharing Activity), respectively support deductive and argumentation activities, creative design and collaboration activities, and retrospection and sharing activities. However, no research has been conducted to investigate whether or not there are inhibiting or facilitating elements in the application procedure, or what the rate of satisfaction for students is, when applying the SICAT model, which was newly developed to innovate existing engineering education, to the actual site of teaching and learning. Therefore, this research applied three types of SICAT teaching and learning models to the theory, design, and experimentation classes at the department of materials science and engineering at Hanyang University for eight weeks. After application, the students, teachers and tutors were surveyed and interviewed, and then the results analyzed in order to uncover inhibiting/facilitating elements and the rate of satisfaction. The satisfaction rate of students from the SICAT teaching and learning model was 3.78(in a perfect score of 5: The A type-3.65, The C type-3.80, The R type-3.90), and inhibiting/facilitating elements were drawn from the aspects of learning activities, support system. In conclusion, they can be contributed for implications of SICAT teaching and learning model universal use at engineering education in University.

Trends and Issues of e-Learning Curriculum for Human Resources Development in the Corporate Context

Sangho SONG (Andong University)
Eunmo SUNG (Seoul National University)
Sunyung JANG (Seoul National University)

The purpose of this study was to analyze majors trends and issues of e-Learning curriculum for human resource development in the corporate context. The e-Learning curriculum was chosen as the subject of research consists of 2,710 lectures that were given from 2007 to July 2009 for the recent three years by providing at Ministry of Labor and Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education & Training. In order to investigate trends and issues, it was employed theme analysis which is one of the types of document analysis that approach a qualitative research methodology. As a result of this research, 7 major trends and issues in e-Learning curriculum for HRD in the field of corporate education were drawn; ① Strengthening expertise through learning of job related professional knowledge, ② Cultivation of common & essential knowledge for a job to increase work performance efficiency ③ Organizational management strategy for improving performance, ④ Organizational management and operational strategy for actively responding to environmental changes, ⑤ Leadership as a strategy for cultivating core personnel and field-centered practical leadership. ⑥ Creating a happy workplace through the work-life balance, ⑦ Strengthening global communication skill. Based on these analysis, practicals and theoretical implications of e-Learning professionals and HR researchers for HRD were suggested.

Factors Influencing Teachers’ Use of Technology and PBL in Middle School Science Classrooms

Kyu Yon LIM (Ajou University)
Hyeon Woo LEE (Sangmyung University)
Hien NGUYEN (The Pennsylvania State University)
Barbara GRABOWSKI (The Pennsylvania State University)

The purpose of this study is to examine middle school teachers’ use of technology and problem-based learning (PBL) in their teaching practice. Factors related to teachers’ use of technology and PBL are also investigated including: teachers’ computer and Internet skills, feelings of preparedness to use the Internet, attitudes toward the use of web resources, pedagogical beliefs, science teaching efficacy, and the use of general teaching strategies. Twenty-seven middle school science, math, and technology teachers participated in the study. Research results describe the participants as slightly proficient in computer and Internet skills, positive toward use of web resources, and neutral on feelings of preparedness toward use of computer and the Internet. Participants also tended toward constructivist edagogical beliefs and used various teaching strategies. They, however, reported low science teaching efficacy. Teachers’ use of computers and the Internet correlated with pedagogical beliefs and feelings of preparedness toward the use of computers and the Internet. The study also found the relationships between the use of PBL and teachers’ computer and internet skills, pedagogical beliefs, and the use of general teaching strategies. Also discussed are meaningful implications for teachers’ professional development, especially for the programs designed to facilitate the use of web-enhanced PBL.

Research on Cognitive Load Theory and Its Design Implications for Problem Solving Instruction

Sukjin KWON (Howon University)

The purpose of this study was to develop the problem solving instruction facilitating novice learner to represent the problem. For the purpose, we mainly focused on three aspects of problem solving. First, learner should represent the targeted problem and its solutions for problem solving. Second, from crucial notions of cognitive load theory, learner's mental load should be optimized for problem representation. Third, for optimizing students’ mental load, experts may support making their thinking more visible and mapping from their intuition to expert practice. We drew the design principles as follows. First, since providing worked examples for the targeted problem has been considered to minimize analogical errors as well as reduce cognitive load in problem representation at line of problem solving and instructional research, it is needed to elaborate the way of designing. The worked example alternatively corresponds to expert schema that consists of domain knowledge as well as strategies for expert-like problem representation and solution. Thus, it may help learner to represent what the problem is and how to solve it in problem space. Second, principle can be that expert should scaffold learner’s selfexplanations. Because the students are unable to elicit the rationale from worked example, the expert’s triggering scaffold may be critical in that process. The unexplained and incomplete parts of the example should be completed not by expert’s scaffold but by themselves. Critical portion of the expert’s scaffold is to explain about how to apply and represent the given problem, since students’ initial representations may be reached at superficial or passive pattern of example elaboration. Finally, learner’s mental model on the designated problem domain should be externalized or visualized for one’s reflection as well as expert’s scaffolding activities. The visualization helps learner to identify one’s partial or incorrect model. The correct model of learner could be constructed by expert’s help.

The Relationship between Teaching Presence and Self-Directed Learning Readiness in e-Learning Environment

Wen ZHANG (Korea University)
Innwoo PARK (Korea University)

This study was conducted to find out the relationship between teaching presence and selfdirected learning readiness in e-learning environment. 219 cyber university students finished the web-formatted questionnaires. The Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale-Adult Based Education instrument and Teaching Presence Scale instrument were used. The results of the present study can be concluded as follow. First of all, teaching presence and self-directed learning readiness have a very high relationship in e-learning environment. Secondly, all five components of teaching presence have significant correlations with self-directed learning readiness. Thirdly, depending on the results of multiple regression analysis, only components of instructional contents and facilitating communication predict the self-directed learning readiness.

A Case Study of Problem-Based Learning and Action Learning at a University

Kyungwon CHANG (Kyonggi University)

Many universities are searching for educational methods to cultivate problem-solving ability and cooperative learning ability or already trying to implement them. Problem Based Learning(PBL) and Action Learning(AL) are effective teaching and learning methods to cultivate men of talent qualified for problem-solving and cooperative learning abilities that universities are seeking after. PBL and AL have something in common in that learning is accomplished while learners are solving the authentic problem. But, in spite of this similarity, PBL and AL have differences. However, most literatures and cases on these two models introduce only the outline of commons and differences and do not provide teachers with actual helping aids to select a model appropriate for the actual design or operation of classes.
Accordingly, many teachers usually select and utilize a familiar model rather than select a proper model to the nature of a subject and the educational goal. Teaching and learning methods or learning environment should be selected appropriately to the educational goal. This study indicates the characteristics of PBL and AL that are being introduced and utilized as a principal teaching and learning method of college education and then shows how this method can be realized in the university by comparing the cases of classes applied in two methods.

Development of an Elaborated Project-Based Learning Model for the Scientifically Gifted

Hyekyung KIM (Seoul National University)
Seungkyu CHOI (Sejong Science High School)

This study was to investigate the elaborated project based learning model for scientifically gifted in the context of R & E project learning. It is important for the scientifically gifted to provide the appropriate learning environments instead of general learning model for the gifted. Although R & E project learning model is effective, the model has the limitations of managing the course for the scientifically gifted. To improve R & E learning model, the elaborated project based learning model was suggested with integration of both project based learning model and goal based scenario. The elaborated project-based learning model was comprised with ‘basic learning process’, ‘elaboration through inquiry’, and ‘presentation and reflection’. To measure the satisfaction, eighty scientifically gifted students participated in the class. The result shows that learners were satisfied with the elaborated project-based learning up to 90%, and teachers were satisfied with this model up to 77%.

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